Raksha bandhan festival – as the name suggests “Raksha” means “protection” and “Bandhan” means “bond”. Brother promises to protect his sister and she prays for his wellbeing by tying him a thread or Rakhi with all the love and blessings. Women can tie this thread to the person whom they consider as their brother and this is the real beauty of this festival.
Rakshabandhan is celebrated on Purnima of Shravan month. This day sister ties rakhi on her brothers’ wrist, puts tilak on his forehead, offers sweets to eat and pray for his wellbeing. They also express love to their brothers (who are away from home) by sending them Rakhi or thread.
it is also a touching and emotional way of showing your love to your siblings or cousins while they are far away. Sisters write letter for their brothers and keep the thread of love. Moreover there is a flood of emotions and blessings that you pack in that small envelope.
It is widely celebrated in India and Nepal too.
Nepal is also a Hindu populated country and thus rakhi is celebrated, it is called “Janai Purnima” in Nepal. On this day women tie thread on the wrist of senior members in the family. Men change their Janai (Janeu – sacred cord of threads worn diagonally on the torso) and visit temples too
Nowadays there is this ongoing trend in tying a thread or bracelet on sister-in-law’s wrist and the logic behind this ritual is that, sister in law ensures the wellbeing of her brother. Mainly, this is a tradition of Marwari and Rajasthani families.
This rakhi is called as lumba rakhi, sister ties this rakhi on the wrist of her sister-in-law. Yet another beautiful ritual which connects you with your sister-in-law too
Similarly it is celebrated throughout India with some other rituals like:
- In Madhya Pradesh and bihar, it is important festival of farmers and known as kajari Purnima
- In West Bengal, Lord Krishna and Radha are made to sit on the jhula or swing. This starts on pavitra ekadashi and ends on rakshabandhan called as jhulan Purnima
- Along with rakshabandhan people of Uttarakhand also celebrate Shravani Purnima. Brahmins change their janeu, it is also known as janopunyu.
- In Orrisa, Gamha Purnima is celebrated on the same day hence domesticated cows and bullocks are worshipped.
- In Gujrat, Since Rakhi is considered as auspicious day thus they also worship lord Shiva too and it is called as pavitropana.
- People in Maharashtra celebrate Narali Purnima on the same day along with raksha bandhan. Since it is also the beginning of fishing season thus they perform few rituals and pray to the sea god and lord varun (air).